Many of us have encountered the term “energy independence” one way or another. But what really is energy independence and why is it probably the most important concept that we should all comprehend and take to heart today?

Energy independence is that state in which a country is able to produce enough of its own fuel to meet its own demands. Not only does energy independence allow a country to rely on its own energy resources, it also enhances the country’s competitiveness as an oil and gas investment destination.

The problem is that the Philippines is far from being energy independent as of yet. In fact, the country may even experience regular power outages in the near future unless we beef up our oil and gas reserves in the next few years.

The steady decline

Based on studies done by experts, the Philippines’ oil and gas reserves are steadily declining, driving the country to greater reliance on imports which, in turn, will impact the consumers in terms of price and availability. And if the situation does not change, a new version of the “dark ages” with long hours of brownouts every day won’t be too far-fetched.

In a recent news item, GlobalData power industry analyst Harshavardhan Reddy Nagatham said, “The growing population is driving electricity consumption in the Philippines. As a result, new investment in capacity addition is urgently needed.”

The problems in the country’s oil and gas exploration initiatives only make the situation worse as investors have been taking a wait-and-see stance due to currently unresolved issues that pit the government auditors against the Department of Energy (DOE).

Although many investors have expressed interest in doing oil and gas exploration in the Philippines, very little headway has been achieved towards transforming this interest into concrete steps.

According to a report done by First Solutions Macro Research, a unit of the Fitch Group, the DOE stated that the Philippines’ oil dependency is already at a hefty 48%. The report also mentioned that this is expected to increase in the coming years “due to a growing demand for refining feedstock, next to continued declines in oil and gas production.”

The Fitch report also stated, “The Philippines remains in dire need of more oil and gas exploration as existing reserves decline and as its sole producing Malampaya gas-to-power project approaches the end of its production life.”

Malampaya and its contributions

The Malampaya project accounts for 98% of domestic oil and gas production. However, perceived pressure by government auditors on the Malampaya project has foreign investors wary of going the same route.

As such, potential exploration investors are counting on the Philippine government to remove existing obstacles such as the COA-versus-DOE issue on government shares from the Malampaya project. The good news is that international arbiters have recently ruled in favor of the DOE/Malampaya consortium in its legal battle with the Commission on Audit (COA).

Exacerbating the country’s oil and gas reserve decrease is the continued geo-political tension in the West Philippine Sea. According to the Fitch report, many of the country’s exploration prospects lie in areas straddling the disputed WPS. In fact, all exploration works in that area are suspended due to unresolved disputes with China. The problem is that the maritime dispute is not expected to be resolved anytime soon.

Indigenous, renewable, and clean

Although renewable energy is seen to grow in the next ten to 12 years and will substantially help beef up the country’s power generation capability, the growth is marginal and cannot be relied on fully, especially with a similar increase in the country’s energy demands.

Unless the government quickly addresses all these energy issues, particularly the continuous increase in energy demand and a sharp decline in oil and gas production, the Philippines may soon face an acute power shortage. And this shortage would have far-reaching effects--access to energy, high energy cost, livelihood, education, and even national security.

With concerns over climate change driving the world away from coal, the top contributor to climate change, all the more the Philippines needs to find other sources of energy—renewable, indigenous, and clean--to clear a path towards energy security and, ultimately, energy independence.